[PLing] A guided tour of the human vocal scenery - Talk by Jean Schoentgen (Ecole polytechnique de Bruxelles)

Nicola Klingler nklingler at kfs.oeaw.ac.at
Tue Nov 20 11:04:07 CET 2018

Dear colleagues,

we would like to invite you to a talk of Jean Schoentgen from the École 
polytechnique de Bruxelles next tuesday, 27.11., 14:00h, in the Seminar 
Room (ground floor) of the Acoustics Research Institute at 
Wohllebengasse 12-14, 1040 Wien. See below for the abstract and/or click 
the link for more information 


The object of the presentation is an overview of human voice quality. 
The latter designates the speaker-typical acoustical background that is 
quasi permanent in the speech of human subjects. The coexistence of a 
lasting speaker-distinctive background with a communicative foreground 
in the same frequency band is explained in terms of phonatory and vocal 
tract settings that bias the quasi-totality of speech sounds emitted by 
a human speaker. Vocal settings are categorised with regard to a 
bias-free neutral setting. The latter implicitly defines ‘normal’ speech 
and guides the investigation and methodical presentation of non-neutral 
voice qualities because the latter may be made to differ from neutral in 
terms by one acoustic attribute or vibratory pattern at a time. The 
presentation is based on auditory demonstrations that illustrate 
non-neutral voice qualities in disordered speech or voice as well as 
their use for artistic purposes. Examples of settings that are discussed 
are the co-vibration of the true with auxiliary laryngeal folds (e.g. 
growling, trilling, harshness), vocal registers (e.g. creak, modal, 
falsetto), breathiness and roughness, pressed and lax voice as well as 
glottal reinforcement in German that illustrates the difficulties naive 
listeners may experience distinguishing voice quality from distinctive 
properties of speech sounds

Kind regards,

Nicola Klingler

Nicola Klingler, MA

Institut für Schallforschung/Acoustics Research Institute
Gruppe Phonetik/Phonetics
Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften

Wohllebengasse 12-14, 1040 Wien

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